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          名人字畫收購需要辨別的三要素?

          發布時間:2021-02-16 作者:大雅堂美術館 文章來源:http://www.cqddsm.com/ 瀏覽量:

          現在民間收藏的字畫僅以明清以后時期多見,這是因為紙、絹本身難于歷經數百年保存的緣故。再加上造偽者的混淆,就有人認為古字畫中相當部分是魚目混珠。所以在進行名人字畫收購時就更要多加注意。下面小編給大家介紹下收購名人字畫需要辨別的三要素。
          Nowadays, calligraphy and paintings in folk collections are only common in the period after Ming and Qing Dynasties. This is because it is difficult to preserve paper and silk for hundreds of years. Coupled with the confusion of counterfeiters, some people think that a considerable part of ancient Chinese characters and paintings are fish eyes mixed with pearls. Therefore, we should pay more attention to the purchase of celebrity calligraphy and painting. The following small series to introduce the acquisition of celebrity calligraphy and painting need to identify the three elements.
          一、裝演鑒別
          1、 Performance identification
          各個時代裝橫有其特色。如元代宮廷藏畫選擇專人裝裱,大德四年“以古玉象牙為軸,以鸞鵲木錦碧天續為裝核”。明代書畫則在書畫卷增加了引首,有的還被寫上了字,立軸有寬邊、窄邊之分,有的還加了詩堂。清代宮廷書畫的裝核用料和技術形式都勝于明代,顯得更為講究。
          Each era has its own characteristics. For example, the palace paintings of the Yuan Dynasty were mounted by a specially assigned person. In the fourth year of Dade, "the ancient jade Ivory was used as the axis, and the Luan magpie wood brocade and Bi Tian Xu as the core.". In Ming Dynasty, the introduction was added to the volume of calligraphy and painting, some of which were written with characters. The vertical axis was divided into wide and narrow sides, and some of which were added with poetry hall. The materials and technical forms of the imperial painting and calligraphy in the Qing Dynasty were better than those in the Ming Dynasty.
                             高價收購名人字畫
          二、印章鑒別
          2、 Seal identification
          宋代字畫作品許多不上印章,部分上蓋銅印與玉印,印色有密印和水櫻元代印章質料有木、象牙、銅、玉等,印色為油印和水櫻元代自王冕始用石料印章。明代石料印章普遍,篆文刻法采用“錘頭式”,使用大多是油櫻清代印章形狀、字體、字形均呈多樣化,印色為油質。 畫中人物衣服與生活用具的鑒別 各個年代冠服往往不同,生活用具也有差別,可以據以鑒別。
          Many of the calligraphy and painting works in the Song Dynasty were not stamped with seals. Some of them were stamped with bronze and jade seals. The seals in the Yuan Dynasty were made of wood, ivory, copper and jade. The seals in the Yuan Dynasty were made of oil seal and Shuiying seal. Stone seals were common in the Ming Dynasty, and the "hammer head" style was adopted in seal cutting. Most of the seals were made of oil cherry. The shapes, fonts and glyphs of the seals in the Qing Dynasty were diversified, and the printing color was oily. The identification of the clothes and daily utensils of the figures in the painting is often different in different ages, and the daily utensils are also different, which can be used to identify.
          三、題跋鑒別
          3、 Identification of inscriptions and postscripts
          題跋分三類:作者的題跋,同時代人的題跋,后人的題跋。題跋是為了增加字畫的身價。但是,常見有真畫配假題跋或假畫配真題跋的,應仔細鑒別。特別是名家在假字畫上題跋更容易使入迷。
          There are three kinds of postscripts: the author's postscripts, the contemporary's postscripts and the posterity's postscripts. The postscript is to increase the value of calligraphy and painting. However, if there are real paintings with fake inscriptions and postscripts or fake paintings with real inscriptions and postscripts, they should be carefully identified. In particular, it is easier for famous artists to be fascinated by inscriptions and postscripts on fake calligraphy and paintings.
          本文由高價收購名人字畫整理提供,如想了解更多資訊內容請點擊網站:http://www.cqddsm.com。
          This article is provided by purchasing celebrity calligraphy and painting at a high price. For more information, please click the website: http://www.cqddsm.com .
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